Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscript

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arXiv:1212.4431v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci] 18 Dec 2012

phonon scattering mechanisms to be tuned while optimiz-ing the e ciency of the resulting fused nanocrystalline network.The e ect that these added scattering mecha-nisms have in the distribution of the phonon density of states (PDOS) of the resulting nanocomposites however remains an ongoing area of interest11.Vibrations of micro-eV energies in nanocrystalline The phonon density of states of nanocrystalline bcc Fe and nanocrystalline fcc Ni3Fe were measured by inelastic neutron scattering in two different ranges of energy.As has been reported previously,the nanocrystalline materials showed enhancements in their phonon density of states at energies from 2 to 15 meV,compared to control samples Vibrations of micro-eV energies in nanocrystalline Nov 10,2004 Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscript#0183;The phonon density of states of nanocrystalline bcc Fe and nanocrystalline fcc Ni3Fe were measured by inelastic neutron scattering in two different ranges of energy.As has been reported previously,the nanocrystalline materials showed enhancements in their phonon density of states at energies from 2 to 15 meV,compared to control samples

Vibrational density of states of nanocrystalline iron and

Sep 27,2000 Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscript#0183;We present an experimental determination of the vibrational density of states in nanocrystalline Fe and Ni by inelastic neutron scattering.Nanocrystalline specimens with different grain size and microstrain have been prepared by ball milling and thermal annealing.The vibrational density of states has been extracted from neutron time-of-flight spectra obtained with theVibrational and magnetic properties of mechanically From inelastic neutron scattering experiments,the phonon density of states (DOS) of various as-milled and annealed Ni3Fe nanocrystalline powders were determined.At low energies ( Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscriptlt;15 meV),nanocrystalline samples compared to bulk Ni3Fe showed an enhancement in the phonon DOS that was proportional to the density of grain boundaries in the powders.Vibrational and magnetic properties of mechanically From inelastic neutron scattering experiments,the phonon density of states (DOS) of various as-milled and annealed Ni3Fe nanocrystalline powders were determined.At low energies ( Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscriptlt;15 meV),nanocrystalline samples compared to bulk Ni3Fe showed an enhancement in the phonon DOS that was proportional to the density of grain boundaries in the powders.

Thermal Conductivity of Nanocrystalline Silicon

The thermal conductivity reduction due to grain boundary scattering is widely interpreted using a scattering length assumed equal to the grain size and independent of the phonon frequency (gray).To assess these assumptions and decouple the contributions of porosity and grain size,five samples of undoped nanocrystalline silicon have been measured with average grain sizes ranging from 550 to Theory of the Exciton-Phonon Couplingphonon interaction also renormalizes the band structure at zero and nite temperature,and gives the electronic states a lifetime1.With the advent of density functional perturbation theory (DFPT)24,rst-principle calculations of the electron-phonon coupling and related phenomenabecamecommonplace5 Theory of the Exciton-Phonon Couplingphonon interaction also renormalizes the band structure at zero and nite temperature,and gives the electronic states a lifetime1.With the advent of density functional perturbation theory (DFPT)24,rst-principle calculations of the electron-phonon coupling and related phenomenabecamecommonplace5

Soft surfaces of nanomaterials enable strong phonon

Phonons and their interactions with other phonons,electrons or photons drive energy gain,loss and transport in materials.Although the phonon density of states has been measured and calculated in bulk crystalline semiconductors,phonons remain poorly understood in nanomaterials,despite the increasing prevalence of bottom-up fabrication of semiconductors from nanomaterials and the Soft surfaces of nanomaterials enable strong phonon Although the phonon density of states has been measured and calculated in bulk crystalline semiconductors1,phonons remain poorly understood in nanomaterials2,3,4,5,despite the increasing Raman spectroscopy of optical phonon connement in conductance22 and van Hove singularities in the density of states (DOS).23 The highest degree of connement (3D) occurs in quantum dots24 and nanoparticles,25,26 where the propagation is restricted in all three directions.Here the dimensionality of the system is zero.OPTICAL PHONON CONFINEMENT As mentioned earlier,in ideal single crystals

Propagation of phonons in nanocrystalline ZrO2 Y2O3

Abstract.Phonon transfer in yttrium-oxide (Y 2 O 3) stabilized ZrO 2 ceramics is studied experimentally in the range of helium temperatures (1.73.8 K).A model of the structure of the intergranular layer in the ceramic is considered,which explains the temperature dependence of the phonon diffusion coefficient,makes it possible to determine the intergranular layer parameters (density Probing Phonons in Nonpolar Semiconducting NanowiresIf we compare the first order Raman spectra of disordered and crystalline Si,we observe a sharp Lorentzian peak at ~520 cm 1 of full width at half maximum (FWHM) of ~4 cm 1 for the crystalline state.Strongly disordered Si on the other hand exhibits a Raman spectrum that approaches the calculated phonon density of states shown in Figure 3(a).Probing Phonons in Nonpolar Semiconducting NanowiresIf we compare the first order Raman spectra of disordered and crystalline Si,we observe a sharp Lorentzian peak at ~520 cm 1 of full width at half maximum (FWHM) of ~4 cm 1 for the crystalline state.Strongly disordered Si on the other hand exhibits a Raman spectrum that approaches the calculated phonon density of states shown in Figure 3(a).

Previous123456NextPhonon density of states of nanocrystalline Fe prepared by

The nanophase material also showed an enhanced density of states at low energies below 15 meV,which may indicate the presence of intercrystallite vibrations.These differences in phonon DOS should have only a small effect on the difference in vibrational entropy of nanocrystalline and larger-grained Fe.Phys.Rev.Materials 4,086002 (2020) - Thermodynamic Aug 11,2020 Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscript#0183;The heat capacities of nanocrystalline ${\\mathrm{Ni}}_{3}\\mathrm{Fe}$ and control materials with larger crystallites were measured from $0.4--300\\phantom{\\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}\\mathrm{K}$.The heat capacities were integrated to obtain the enthalpy,entropy,and Gibbs free energy and to quantify how these thermodynamic functions are altered by nanocrystallinity.From the phonon densityPhys.Rev.B 102,165409 (2020) - Phonon density of states Oct 19,2020 Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscript#0183;We report a combined inelastic neutron- and x-ray-scattering study of the phonon density of states of the nano- and microcrystalline lanthanide-based materials NaY 0.8 Yb 0.18 Er 0.02 F 4 and Na Gd 0.8 Yb 0.18 Er 0.02 F 4.While large (20 nm) nanocrystals display the same vibrational spectra as their microcrystalline counterparts,we find an enhanced phonon density of states at low energies,E

Phonons in nanocrystalline Ni Fe

phonon density of states ~DOS! of nanocrystalline and bulk materials.1621 One such effect was an enhancement of the phonon DOS at low energies.1721 A second effect was a broadening of the phonon DOS.1921 These effects are not well understood,and motivated the present,more extensive,inelastic neutron-scattering study on Phonons in Nanocrystalline 57 Fe - NASA/ADSWe measured the phonon density of states (DOS) of nanocrystalline Fe by resonant inelastic nuclear -ray scattering.The nanophase material shows large distortions in its phonon DOS.We attribute the high energy distortion to lifetime broadening.A damped harmonic oscillator model for the phonons provides a low quality factor,Q u Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscriptgt;,averaging about 5,but the longitudinal modes may have been Phonons in Nanocrystalline ${}^{57}$FeWe measured the phonon density of states (DOS) of nanocrystalline Fe by resonant inelastic nuclear $\ensuremath{\gamma}$-ray scattering.The nanophase material shows large distortions in its phonon DOS.We attribute the high energy distortion to lifetime broadening.A damped harmonic oscillator model for the phonons provides a low quality factor,${Q}_{u}$,averaging about 5,but the

Phonon softening on the specific heat of

polycrystalline states was calculated [11].An enhancement of the vibrational density of states of nc-Cu and/or Ni (model) samples at low and high phonon energies caused by the high number of grain boundary atoms was also derived from molecular-dynamics simulations [12,13].From these results,it is obvious that in addition to a high Phonon properties of one-dimensional nanocrystalline Abstract.We study phonon properties of one-dimensional nanocrystalline solids that are associated with a model nanostructured sequence.A real-space renormalization-group approach,connected with a series of renormalization-group transformations,is developed to calculate numerically the local phonon Green's function at an arbitrary site,and then the phonon density of states of these kinds Phonon density of states of nanocrystalline Fe prepared by The nanophase material also showed an enhanced density of states at low energies below 15 meV,which may indicate the presence of intercrystallite vibrations.These differences in phonon DOS should have only a small effect on the difference in vibrational entropy of nanocrystalline and larger-grained Fe.

Phonon density of states of nanocrystalline Fe prepared by

Phonon density of states of nanocrystalline Fe prepared by Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Si1-xGex tering measurements exploring the phonon density of states in a series of Si1-xGex thermoelectric nanocomposites.The evolution of the phonon spectral weight distri-bution and linewidths as a function of Ge-doping will be discussed and compared to the known bulk phonon density of states in this system.Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscriptlt;Superscript Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline 57Fe phonon frequencies at few k-points.These force constants are used to calculate other vi-brational and thermodynamic properties of the crystal.Here we did a little bit differently that the force constants are tted to experimentally determine phonon DOS for the sample of nanocrystalline bcc

NONLINEAR DYNAMIC EXCITATIONS AND PHONONS IN

The phonon density of states for nano-clusters has been studied theoretically using molecular dynamics; in this way anharmonic effects could be fully cosidered.Comparisons are made with results Lattice Dynamics Study of Nanocrystalline Yttriumreported.The phonon modes of YGG will be discussed in relation to the internal and external molecular modes of the dierent polyhedra on the basis of the calculated total and partial phonon density of states.No pressure-induced phase transition has been observed up to 29 GPa.This result is inInfluence of point defects on the phonon thermal A detailed analysis of the phonon density of states (PDOS) of the studied systems is provided.Element (Bi or Te) and orientation (inplane or crossplane) resolved PDOS were calculated.In agreement with experimental observations and other simulations,features in the PDOS were identified with specific atomic and orientation contributions.

Effect of 13C isotope doping on the optical phonon modes

Numerical calculations show that phonon localized states exist in the high-energy optical phonon modes and in regions of flat phonon dispersion.In particular,for the case of in-plane optical phonon modes,a typical localization length is on the order of 3 nm for [superscriptConfined Phonons in Si Nanowires Nano LettersJan 28,2005 Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscript#0183;Raman microprobe studies of long crystalline Si nanowires reveal for the first time the evolution of phonon confinement with wire diameter.The Raman band at 520 cm-1 in bulk Si is found to downshift and asymmetrically broaden to lower frequency with decreasing wire diameter D,in good agreement with a phenomenological model first proposed by Richter et al.An adjustable parameterCompeting effects of surface phonon softening andWe have previously shown [13] that in nanocrystalline thin lms of Nb,QSEs become apparent below 20 nm.The QSE-induced reduction in the density of states at the Fermi level decreases T C to almost 50% of its bulk value as the particle size is reduced from 20 to 8 nm.In the strong coupling superconductor Pb,the bulk superconducting

Cited by 6Publish Year 2003Author Ranber Singh,S.Prakash,R.Meyer,P.EntelPhonon density of states in nanocrystalline Si1-xGex

tering measurements exploring the phonon density of states in a series of Si1-xGex thermoelectric nanocomposites.The evolution of the phonon spectral weight distri-bution and linewidths as a function of Ge-doping will be discussed and compared to the known bulk phonon density of states in this system.Author Z.H.Li,Z.H.Li,D.Hudry,R.Heid,A.H.Said,M.D.Le,R.Popescu,D.Gerthsen,M.Merz,K.W.Publish Year 2020Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline 57 Fe - NASA/ADSMar 01,2003 Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline Superscript#0183;The Born-von Karman model is used to calculate phonon density of states (DOS) of nanocrystalline bcc Fe.It is found that there is an anisotropic stiffening in the interatomic force constants and hence there is shrinking in the nearest-neighbour distances in the nanophase.This leads to additional vibrational modes above the bulk phonons near the bottom of the phonon band.Author Stephen Wilson,Chetan Dhital,Zhifeng Ren,Doug AbernathyPublish Year 2012Phonon density of states of nanocrystalline Fe preparedfeatures in the phonon density of states ~DOS! of the nano-crystalline Ta ~10 nm crystallite size!,but no general soften-ing of the vibrational spectrum.On the other hand,in a re-cent inelastic neutron-scattering study on nanocrystalline Ni3Alwitha7nmcrystallite size,13 a large enhancement of the phonon DOS at low energies was reported

12345Next(PDF) Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline 57 Fe

The Born-von Karman model is used to calculate phonon density of states (DOS) of nanocrystalline bcc Fe.It is found that there is an anisotropic stiffening in the interatomic force constants and (PDF) Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline 57 FeThe Born-von Karman model is used to calculate phonon density of states (DOS) of nanocrystalline bcc Fe.It is found that there is an anisotropic stiffening in the interatomic force constants and

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